|The Big Apple is formed by the outer boundaries of its 24 counties ( and two parts of counties). It forms part of the eastern seaboard megalopolis, extending from Boston to Washington. The term 'Big Apple' was derived for a marketing promotion in the late 1960s, derived from the shape of the what is the New York Consolidated Statistical Metropolitan Areas (CSMA)|
|The primary physical features of New York are its three major islands ( Manhattan Island, Long Island and Staten Island) and two disecting rivers (Hudson River and the East River). In particular the rivers have acted as major barriers to development in the history of the city. Manhattan Island and both rivers provided the premier protected port on the northern eastern seaboard. To the west of the Hudson river is the ice age depositional landscape of New Jersey. While to the north west the city is bounded by the Kittatinny Mountains and the hills of Connecticut.|
The East River is on the east side of Manhattan Island, and is a channel seperating Manhattan Island from Long Island. The Hudson River is to the west of Manhattan Island, forming a barrier to access to the New Jersey. Both rivers flow into Upper Bay, with Staten Island forming a barrier to the Atlantic Ocean. Access between Upper Bay and Lower Bay is via The Narrows, the channel between Long Island and Staten Island.
The city extends approximatley 250 kilometers in both a North - South and East West dorection.
Introduction to New York